Baseball was developed in the 1900s from a purely American affair to the world of sport with 115 member countries. Like softball, the introduction of the Olympic program in 1996 contributed greatly to the development – but already in the late 1980s, the number of member countries enormously and after baseball was included as the program at the Olympics in Barcelona in 1992 to increase exponentially.
According to legend, invented baseball by Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown, New York, in the late 1800s. But in recent years, the historical description had to be revised – instead, you can say that baseball is based on several British bat reports, including rounders and cricket, and developed into baseball.
1871 founded the National Association of Professional Baseball Players, and five years later founded the first professional league in the United States – the National League. Quickly spread the sport around the world, to Japan, Taiwan, Australia, but also to many Latin American countries such as Cuba, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Nicaragua and Puerto Rico.
Baseball was included on the Olympic program as a demonstration sport at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, where they played an exhibition match at Östermalms IP. Even at the Olympics in 1936, 1956, 1964, 1984 and 1988 were baseball with a demonstration sport, and in 1992 it was time for the first Olympic championship as an official sport. Although the United States is considered to be the best in the world, it is Cuba that has dominated the international scene ever since pros from Major League not in the Olympic tournament.
Spring 2006 was organized by the World Baseball Classic, the first tournament of thoroughbred professionals from Major League Baseball to all teams and many anticipated when the United States, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, the teams with the most professional players would dominate. Instead, Japan won the final over Cuba – and only a professional player was on the pitch.
How to Play Baseball
Baseball is a team game played by two teams of nine active players each. The law may also have reserves that may be deployed at any time during the game, but a replaced player may not go into the game again.
The teams play alternately inside and out. Inside team is the offensive team. It is only the offensive team who can take points, one point for every player counterclockwise managed to get around the board. Utelaget is the defensive team, and their task is to prevent the team to get around all the bases by burning the team’s strikers / runners. Replacing the offensive / defensive team occurs when the defensive team has burned three players from the offensive team.
A match typically consists of nine innings (impact rounds). An inning is completed when both teams have been offensive team (the) respective time. Is there a tie after nine innings continue the game with one inning at a time until a team has scored more points than the opposing team. A game can never end in a draw and one game has no time limitations. Back to the table of contents.
Baseball The plan has the shape of a quarter circle, and the surface is grass. The plan is divided into the infield (inside the field) and the outfield (outfield).
On the infield bases are placed as corners of a square with the athletics track as its lines. The base is located right in the angle between the fourth circle pages called home plate, next to the stands striker.
Behind home plate is catcher whose task is to catch all the balls that have been passed by the striker and behind the catcher is usually a judge. In the infield there are also a pitcher hill from where the pitcher throws the ball against the striker. The plan is surrounded by a fence, behind home plate, it is particularly high (about 5 meters) (backstop). The fence is about 120 meters from home plate at the farthest point. The distance to the fence along the aircraft left and right boundaries (foul line) is about 100 meters. Between the bases, it is 27.5 meters, and between home plate and the pitcher hill is 18.5 meters.
The defensive team consists of nine players spread out over the baseball field in specific positions.
The nine positions can be divided into three main groups: 1. Pitcher (pitcher) and catcher 2. Four infieldspelare that are scattered around the three bases on the pitch. The four positions are referred 1st-basemen, two third-basemen and third-basemen as well, shortstop, they take the position at the border between the infield and outfield. 3. Three outfieldspelare; left fielder (left fielder), center fielder (center fielder), right fielder (right fielder). Their task is to monitor the external part of player of the defensive team wears a glove to catch the ball.
Offensive team – Inside team
The offensive team’s players are the same players who play there. But the offensive team shall be strikers and runners. Players must turn in a certain order of battle (line up) that must be followed during the entire match. After a completed inning begins the next with the next player in turn according to the order of battle. Replacing a player out during the match, the incoming reserve turn on the exchanged location. All players in the team have to beat, except the pitcher who may have a deputy (designated hitter). When a batsman has hit the ball and it has become a valid kind, he must run to first base. He reaches first base without getting burned, he becomes a runner. Only one runner at a time may be on a base. There is a runner on first base when a batsman will be running runner advancing to second base. A batsman or runners may not run on an invalid type (foul ball). For a stroke to be valid, the ball having gone out on the court in the quadrant bounded by the foul lines (oblique punch lines).
The offensive team scores a point when a runner has crossed first base, second base, third base and reached home plate without having been burned. The runner should touch / step on the plates as he passes. Treading not the runner on a plate, he can get burned if calls this through a so-called appeal. Do not they go runner free.
To burn it in baseball
In baseball, you can get burned (out) in many different ways. They can be burned is the striker or the runner in the offensive team (the team).
Expressions in baseball
Appeal: special form of appeal to the judge where the man with the ball in hand stepped on the base at which an error must have occurred while signaling to the referee about the appeal. Beam: improper movement of the pitcher which leads to all runners may advance respective base. base (base): canvas covered cushion situated in three of infields four corners or rubber covered home plate. Stack: short stroke where the batsman holds the bat with his hands wide apart and where the ball lands on the infield. Double Header: two games in a row with the same team. Double play: burn two opponents in the same game. Dugout: player base. Error: when a player of the offensive team advancing at least one base or avoid getting burned because of mistakes by any player in the defensive team. Fair ball: ball stops or touching a defensive player in the field between home plate and outfieldstaketet within the playing boundaries. Fly ball: lyre. force play situation where the runners have to leave their base because the striker should be to first base and no more than one player left at each base. Foul ball: ball stopping or touching a defensive player in the area outside the perimeter of lines. Foul escape: pout caught outside the boundary lines, comes as standard bow. Hit: kind, without another player been burned or made an error, making the striker will at least to first base. Homerun: kind – usually over outfieldstaketet – that allows the striker can run around all the bases and the home plate. infield: the area inside the bases. Innings: game round where both teams hit was his time. Outfield: beyond the infield and in the plan delimitation. Pitch: the throw from the pitcher to the batter. Pick off: the throw from the pitcher to the other players at a base to try to burn the runners. Safe: when the runner touches the base before player managed to tag the runner or step on the base. Bat (bat): originally of wood but now usually made of hollow aluminum, with the exception of professional activities, where the bat is still made of wood. Slide: runner throws himself with his hands or feet first onto a base to avoid getting burned. Stealing: runner advancing from one base to the next without waiting for the ball is hit. Strike out: striker is burned at home plate because of the three-strike. Tag: situation where players from with the hand or glove holding the ball touches a runner when he is not in contact with a base. The player can also touch the base before the player from the team doing this. The player must have control of the ball in both cases. Walk: batsman who can go freely to first base because of four false caste or to have been hit by pitch (caste).